Early Literacy in Homeschool

Here is my video on YouTube about teaching little kids to read and write with the Montessori Method and with Preschool Prep Co. mini books. Enjoy!

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Early Literacy in Homeschool

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Changing Improper Fractions into Mixed Numerals: a Book by Lisa C. Jackson

Changing Improper Fractions into Mixed Numerals
I wrote this book because I suspect my child has dyscalculia. I am trying to prepare my child-student for the TABE and GED tests. I am hoping this will help people with dyscalculia and those who teach them. I think this book will be helpful to 5th grade school teachers, homeschool moms, middle school and junior high and high school teachers, adult education teachers and those learning math for the GED test.

This is how this book came to be:

  • My dad always taught us math around the dinner table and everywhere we went. My siblings and I helped him check math papers quite often. I was always reading and hearing maht vocabulary like “whole numbers,” “improper fractions,” and “numerator.” My dad loved teaching math to 5th graders. This is considered 5th grade math in most curricula.
  • When I had a hard time understanding math, I had my school teacher, my dad and my math-loving brother who could explain everything to me. I did not need visual explanations of things because I had so much help.
  • However, I am an artist and visuals like these with very concise explanation of every little detail would have been nice.
  • When I was in elementary school, I visualized how the design of the math textbook could improve. I dreamed of becoming a textbook math designer one day just to make the math book easier for the child to understand by adding better visuals.
  • I became a homeschool mom. I have taught homeschool 5 years and have not yet found all the answers for how to teach math concepts to every child. 
  • For 5 years, I have been eluded as to how to explain certain things which are very easy for me to understand, to children to whom these math concepts do not come so readily.
  • I became determined to figure out how to help children (and all people) understand math concepts better.
  • I love the Montessori method. I want to meet Maria Montessori when I get to heaven. I also love Constance Kamii and her methods for teaching math.
  • I am an eclectic-style homeschool mom. That means I like teaching using multiple methods. 
  • I used my “Your Teacher” app yesterday and wrote down all of the lesson names in all of the chapters in each grade level and math level, with checkboxes nest to each lesson. I made a plan to have my kids watch 5 lessons per day from this app. I knew this would help. It did, because helped me to see which pieces of the puzzle my children were missing for the complete understanding of these math concepts regarding fractions.
  • I googled this morning and found information about dyscalculia from this website which was very helpful.
  • I watched this dyscalculia simulation, which is to help the rest of us understand the struggles of people who have this learning disability.
  • I found a list of curricula for people with dyscalculia. I found Math U See. It is too expensive for me.
  • I then remembered that Maria Montessori made everything multisensory. I searched up and found this video about teaching children about changing improper fractions into mixed numerals using the Montessori method.
  • As you can see in the book below, much of this book is from the video.
  • Some of the book below comes from questions my child-student had this morning after watching the video. 
  • I had some blank board books. What a nice thing to have. I thought, ‘I can plan a book sng then make it.’ I made 3 plans. 
  • I made the book, which is a combination of the 3 plans (a 4th plan, which is silly but true).
  • Since I did graduate with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Art, I illustrated the book myself.
  • Now I need a publisher. More people need this book. I do not want to make lots of handmade copies!

3-D View of Fractions 5th Grade math concept book for people with dyscalculia
Cover Page: Change Improper Fractions to Mixed Numerals
1 Pizza Whole Number, 2/5 a pizza partial number
Improper Fraction
improper fraction, mixed numeral
7 divided by 5 or 7/5
fraction numerator denominator quotient mixed numeral




Better Learning Happens in Homeschooling and Other Settings by Avoiding Lecture-Style Teaching

This is so good! Please read it if you ever teach anything to anyone! Please especially read it if you are a homeschool mom!

Don’t Lecture Me! Is a brand new blog post essay by Alfie Kohn. It addresses high school, college and university lecture style teaching. It could very much be applied to teaching in church classes, teaching in Family Home Evening, teaching homeschool at all levels, including and especially homeschooling high school. It could even include homeschooling university or college if that is what you want to do. 
Lecture style teaching is what much of my elementary, junior high, high school and university education consisted of, but it was not what worked best for me. I remembe well the lessons of the teachers and professors when they used other means, such as hands on learning, forcing us to discover answers to difficult questions via our own investgations, group preparation for presentations, and class dicussions.

I do think it is funny that he says that using a power point presentation proves the uselessness of the lecturer. I remember going to listen to speeches or going to classes wherein the lecturer said not to worry about copying the slides because a handout would be given to us with all the slides of the power point included. That makes me just want them to write a book I can read in my pajamas late at night or early in the morning, or in the afternoon when I am trying to catch my breath again after a stressful few hours. Really, more of these people should be writing books. Why are people afraid of writing books 📚 but not afraid of creating a power point presentation? I would rather write a book. I do not know how to make a power point presentation. I guess each person has a preference.

Parenting, Homeschooling and Lectures

When I lecture my kids, whether about socializing, the gospel, housework, gardening, getting along with each other, math, history, art, grammar, science or behavior,  I see them not caring.

Sometimes I get after them like it is their fault they are bored 😷 sick. I say something similar to, “Should I stop ✋🏼 then? I feel like you are not listening.” Their replies are programmed and in unison because of past lectures they have heard from me. They say something like, “No, Don’t stop! We are listening!”
Sadly, I go on, as if I think their reply means that they will learn now because they will now listen to my lecture with renewed enthusiasm. It is so silly. I am so glad Alfie Kohn wrote this. It really makes me think about the way I parent and teach homeschool to my unfortunate child-students. I feel like he wrote it just for the benefit of my poor children so that they can have better lessons taught by their homeschool mom and by their mom!

Here’s to a goal and to hope for more future effort on my part, given to being a more effective (non-lecturing teacher so that my kids can learn better! Go, me! I can lead discussions! I can ask questions which make the kids figure things out on their own! I can teach hands-on lessons!

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college classes, smaller classroom sizes in college, lecture style university teaching, university lectures, discussion, power point presentations, constructivism, housework, homeschooling, grammar, history, math, gospel, gardening, writing a book, children, listening, goal, hope, better homeschool mom

TABE or T.A.B.E. or Test of Adult Basic Education MATH for Homeschool

The TABE math test seems to be approximately:

  • 1/3 6th grade math (Including math concepts learned in 3rd, 4th and 5th grades)
  • 1/6 Pre-Algebra
  • 1/3 High School Level Algebra and Basic Middle School Geometry
  • 1/6 Intermediate Algebra (Basic College Algebra) & Basic Trigonometry.

My TABE app has the following categories and numbers or problems in each:

  • Basic Math
  • Arithmetic
  • Averages and Rounding
  • Basic Operations
  • Comparison
  • Estimation Sequences
  • Measurement
  • Percents & Ratios
  • Fractions
  • Square Roots
  • Graphs
  • Advanced Math
  • Basic Algebra
  • Advanced Algebra
  • Geometry

(Source: TABE app by IDD Group, Inc. for apple devices)

How Can a Homeschooled Person Get a Utah High School Diploma: Guide to the T.A.B.E. and the G.E.D. Test


I started investigating this about 3 years ago and I am still learning about it. After conversing with a friend about it, she told me I should share what I have learned with other moms who homeschool their kids. My friend told me more institutions are now requiring an official Utah High School Diploma. I have also heard that employers require it of some, even after a Bachelors Degree is achieved. It seems ridiculous but I think it is true. Some employers, colleges and Universities just want that silly piece of paper that many homeschool moms laugh about. This is not news to me, which is why I have been researching it for 3 years. It is my hope that sharing this helps many homeschool moms and homeschooled kids to get an official Utah High School Diploma.

The Passing of the G.E.D. Test Battery Can Get A Person an Official Utah High School Diploma!*

I hope the abbreviation, “G.E.D.” does not strike fear into your hearts or make you run screaming into the next room, covering your head from desire to avoid it. It may. It may be that you do not believe in tests, or that you have read my previous post about the Fascist, Socialist and Communitarian indoctrination in the G.E.D. test. If the test causes you to feel great worry and fear, I hope that after finishing the reading and printing off onto multiple pages for reference, this post, you will feel much more at ease because of how well you know you have prepared your child-student for all of this. I hope you will feel confident that your child will be able to fake it and pretend he or she has been fully indoctrinated, much like a spy (covert operative) would, knowing the truth and armed with it. I know that if you have been a good homeschool mom and have taught your child-student the truth about things first, then your child-student will not be indoctrinated by the G.E.D. test. This post will help you to know a bit about the test so that you may warn and prepare your child-student for this test and to not become indoctrinated. He or she will indeed have to fake having been indoctrinated—- I can promise you that! I hope you will print out this blog post and use it as a guide in helping you get an official Utah High School Diploma for yourself or your child-student after he or she turns 16!

Here are the basic things your child will need or will need to do in order to take the G.E.D. test at your local school district’s Adult Basic Education (A.B.E.) Office. The G.E.D. test is an online test, but a person cannot take the official test from home. The only place that officiates this test in my area is the district’s A.B.E. Office.

Note: I am going to assume that you are homeschooling legally because you filled out the affadavit. If you are not, this process will be different. Check with your school district offices and ask them what to do.

What You Need:*

  1. An official Utah photo I.D. card showing that he or she is 16 years of age (a driver’s license if he or she has one).
  2. An official letter filled out by a professional at your local school district office called, “Adult Education Program and/or GED Testing Application for 16-18 Year-Old Non-Graduates,” which my district has nicknamed “the drop form.”**
  3. The taking of two other tests at the Adult abasic Education Office of your local school district, in order to qualify to take the G.E.D. test in your district. These are: a. The TABE Online Locator test for the Test of Adult Basic Education (T.A.B.E.); b. The passing of a T.A.B.E. 10 Complete Battery (meaning your child-student has achieved at least a 10th grade level education. If your child-student does not qualify for the TABE 10, but only a lower TABE, they will give your child the option of taking a $40 class with the district that will teach your child what he or she needs to know to be able to achieve readiness for the TABE 10 Battery. Your child can still take the TABE 9 Battery.
  4. Completion of the “Utah Futures” Packet, available at the same district Adult Basic Education Office.
  5. For the days of each of the G.E.D. Battery Tests: Photo I.D., approved G.E.D. electronic scientific calculator and (recommended) a healthy snack and water bottle.
  6. Cost of G.E.D. test. 


*Sources: Weber Adult Education Phone Conversation 801-476-3920 and conversation at my school district office.


Here are some things I have learned about the tests from the YouTube videos of official G.E.D. 🎓 High School graduates, from the McGraw Hill T.A.B.E. guide and from the two G.E.D. test guides I have been reading.

The T.A.B.E.’s Online Locator (30 questions in 37 min.):

The TABE Online Locator test will be a summary (shorter) test, quizzing the student on some of the same knowledge that is on the T.A.B.E. 10 Complete Battery. It will determine whether the student knows things that a 10th grade graduate should know. If the student passes the locator test to show they are at the level expected of a student in an accredited school at the beginning of 11th grade, they will then take the T.A.B.E. 10 Complete Battery. When they pass that, they are qualified by the district to take the G.E.D. test.

  • Reading: The student must 10 out of 12 questions correct to take the TABE 10.
  • Math: General Math (8 questions) & Applied Math (8 questions). The student must get 10 out of 16 correct to take the TABE 10.
  • Language: The student must get 10 out of 12 correct to take the TABE 10.

If the student does not get the scores required above, he or she will be given the option of taking a class to prepare him or her for the TABE 10. They can take the test again at the the end of the class. Another option is to continue to teach the child, yourself, from home, then take them back in for the test again later.

T.A.B.E. 10 Complete Battery (3 hrs.):

The student must bring his or her own pencil. (Source: Weber Adult Education)

  • Reading: 50 Reading Comprehension Questions in 50 minutes
  • Math: 2 Math Sections. Math Comprehension: 40 questions in 25 minutes; Math Application: 50 questions in 50 minutes. 
  • Language: 3 Sections. Language Mechanics: 20 questions in 14 minutes; Vocabulary: 20 questions in 15 minutes; Spelling: 20 questions in 14 minutes

Source: Trivium Test Prep T.A.B.E. Book (link below)

TABE Online Workshops

Free Online Tests by Mometrix

Free online T.A.B.E. Study Guide


T.A.B.E. Test Prep including Online Flash Cards

T.A.B.E. 3 Book Test Prep by McGraw Hill including Workbooks and Multiple Practice Tests

T.A.B.E. Test Prep Secrets Book Including Strategies and Practice Tests by Mometrix

T.A.B.E. Practice Test and Strategies by Trivium Test Prep

T.A.B.E. Levels

  • L= Literacy, grades 1-1.9
  • E= Easy, grades 2-3.9
  • M= Medium, Grades 4-5.9
  • D= Difficult, grades 6-8.9
  • A= Advanced, grades 9-12.9

The G.E.D. Complete Battery:

The G.E.D. Complete Battery (taken on a computer) does not need to be taken all at one time, or even on the same day. One could study for and take one test at a time. The Tests are:

G.E.D. Reasoning Through the Language Arts Test (3 sections):

Section 1 (35 min.) and Section 3 (60 min.):

Grammar and Reading Comprehension

75% of these are from non-fiction sources: 

This 75% includes these or pieces similar to these: I.R.S. forms, voter registration forms, job applications, newspapers, magazine articles, workplace memos, workplace instructions, the Bill of Rights, the U.S. Constitution, other historical documents, opinion pieces about contemporary or historical civic, socio-economic or socio-political issues (a chance for them to indoctrinate the person), technical manual instructions (such as how to set up, build or use a product), history or science or social studies textbook sections

25% of these are from literature sources:

This 25% may be intermixed with the above, and asks questions about pieces taken from (mainly public domain) novels, plays, poetry, short stories and so forth.

Section 2, Extended Response Essay (45 min.):

In this section, not only does the student prove ability to write an essay correctly, spell correctly and use correct grammar, but the student must also be like the judge in a Speech & Debate Tournament. I have been one of these many times and through it, I have learned how to decide not which student in Lincoln-Douglass Debate is most correct or aligned with my opinions and world-view, but which student has main points that back up his or her assigned position, which best backs up his or her points best during the debate, and which has the best sources, data and facts. This is what the student must do. They must note for which side the best evidence, data and sources is given by the test writers. They must write an essay showing why this point of view is correct. They must do this regardless of their own world-view, knowledge or opinions. They cannot use outside sources, even if memorized. This is the part wherein your student must see himself or herself as a covert operative or spy. He or she must go along with this horrible way of writing an essay which excludes opinion, world-view, research and knowledge in favor of allowing the test-writers to tell them what is truth and what is not from their world-view and opinions.

This test is written to make sure people have been taught social studies concepts which are aligned with Agenda 21. If the student understands the evils of Agenda 21 (which I have blogged about in my Political posts), then the student will know just exactly what they are looking for. They are looking to see that the student has been properly indoctrinated. Whether or not the student believes the Agenda 21 wolf-in-sheep’s-clothing DECEPTION, the student must pretend he or she does for the duration of this essay. I highly recommend first educating your child about how this doctrine is deceptive. Only then will yo feel safe allowing your child to covertly operate on this test in order to deceive the essay readers trained by those serving the evil elite.

Sources: “Cracking the G.E.D. Test 2017 Edition,” by the Princeton Review, 2017, “GED Test for Dummies, 4th Edition,” by Murray Shukyn with Jane Burstein, Learning Made Easy, 2017, My own knowledge of Agenda 21 and the like (see my blog posts on the topic).

What to expect on the G.E.D. Language Test:

  • To do a whole lot of reading
  • To be expected to type a great amount for the 2 essays. (Make sure your child-student is good at keyboarding).
  • To have a great deal of vocabulary understanding and ability to read fast and still have a great reading comprehension level.

Extended response essay covers a controversial civics or political social studies topic. In the essay portion, the student will have to argue for the side that has the most or the best evidence in the test, even if you disagree with it. The student must state in the essay that the other side does not have enough solid facts or only has opinions.

Source: This Youtube video made by a girl who took the test and vlogged about it.


G.E.D. Mathematical Reasoning Test (2 Sections, 115 min.):

Part 1, General Math, no calculator allowed (5 questions)

Part 2, Problems Common in many Workplaces, calculator allowed (41 questions)

Many questions will be word problems with multiple choice answers, but they will be in multiple other formats as well, including fill in the blank, drag and drop (it is on computer), hot spot and drop-down menu. About 1/2 of the questions will be based upon data, diagrams or charts presented on the test. Education 2030 Incheon (Korea) Declaration (2015) and Goals includes a demand for researchers to go find data which will back up Agenda 21 goals. For the data to have the desired affect on people, people must rely on the data put before them to determine what is true. The G.E.D. and Common Core in the schools must be assured that High School Graduates do not to question data, diagrams or charts, but accept them as truth. Please, before you prepare your beloved offspring for this type of test-taking, teach them how to question EVERYTHING, spot deception, do their own research and ask GOD for wisdom about what is TRUTH. After you have done this, teach them about the deceptions on the test. Teach them that accepting data, diagrams and charts as truth is not wise because of the evil people in the world who wish to deceive all people.

Sources: “Cracking the G.E.D. Test 2017 Edition,” by the Princeton Review, 2017, “GED Test for Dummies, 4th Edition,” by Murray Shukyn with Jane Burstein, Learning Made Easy, 2017, My own knowledge of Agenda 21 and the like (see my blog posts on the topic)

Details about what will be included in the G.E.D. Math Test:

  • general math: addition, subtraction, number sense, figuring percentages, decimals, multiplication, division, fractions, order of operations and so forth (very small part of the test)
  • Pre-Algebra
  • linear slopes with x and y
  • plotting x and y on graph
  • linear equations with x and y
  • linear fractions with x and y
  • graph 6 different points on a coordinate plane. x is always first. (x,y). Left or right first, up or down 2nd.
  • perimeter of a complex shape (divide it into a number of basic shapes, like a series of separate rectangles. Figure it out that way)
  • area rectangle, cyllindar, circle, etc.
  • A= (Pi) times (Radius squared) and opposite (Here is the area. What is it in the Pi R squared formula?
  • Story Problems. Do not get hung up on what is possible or not. Do not try to figure out how it is logiclaly possible. Just do the mathe they want you to do.
  • Problems making the student figure out interest in a bank account or on a debt with amount deposited each time and the interest rate, given. I= PRT, Interest equals principle tmes rate times time. Turn rate given (3.5%) into a decimal (0.035) before multiplying. End answer is in years. If you are given months, figure out how much time it would be in years.
  • Problems like: $68.50 was original price. You paid $18. How much of a discount did you get on the item when you bought it? You need to know how much of a percentage $18 of $68.50 is. Formula is “No over O,” N-0/0, N is New Price. O is Original Price. 
  • -.41 would mean you got 41% off.
  • Slope intercept form y=mx+b. m is the slope. b is the y-intercept. m= rise over run (rose/run)

Source: MathTalk YouTube Videos about the G.E.D. Math Test, starting with this one (part 1)

G.E.D. Social Studies Test (about 35 questions in 70 min.):

Again the questions will be multiple-choice, hot-spot, drag and drop and fill-in the blank. These are approximate break-downs:

  • Government and Civics (truths mixed with lies), 50%. (They will refer to our United States of America as a DEMOCRACY, guaranteed. Our government was set up by our founding fathers as a CONSTITUTIONAL REPUBLIC. Make sure your child knows the truth and is aware that the constant use of the word “democracy” by the writers of the test is done in order to deceive.
  • U.S. History (from the perspective of Fascists, Communitarianists and Communists who hate our country, Liberty and the U.S. Contitution), 20%
  • Economics (from the perspective of those who love the idea of a fascist, communitarian and communist world government), 15%
  • World Geography (from the perpective of those who hate sovereignty and the idea of American greatness, who love Agenda 21 and the idea of a world government), 15%

Sources: “Cracking the G.E.D. Test 2017 Edition,” by the Princeton Review, 2017, “GED Test for Dummies, 4th Edition,” by Murray Shukyn with Jane Burstein, Learning Made Easy, 2017, My own knowledge of Agenda 21 and the like (see my blog posts on the topic).

What to expect on the G.E.D. Social Studies Test:

  • Example from the Economics section of an actual test: Answer questions from a graph about Importing & Exporting through Canada
  • Requires reading of large amounts of text to find the information needed to answer a series of questions about its content
  • Requires the reading and interpretation of really strange types of graphs which the student may never have seen before
  • Questions are worded in a tricky way to confuse and trick the student
  • Essay topics on an actual test: Chart showing that men get paid more than women, freedom of speech issues with the flag burning, when blacks got their rights for the first time
  • no extended response essay (there used to be)

Source: This Youtube video made by a girl who took the test and vlogged about it.

G.E.D. Science Test (about 34 questions in 90 min.):

The test will include short passages and graphs and charts. Tricky wording such as “Which one of these is not false?” (meaning ‘which one is true?’) is employed on this science test, so prepare your child-student for this. The type of questions will again be multiple-choice, fill-in-the-blank, drop-down choices, drag-and-drop, hot-spot (labeling) and 2 short answer essays. Please know your science vocabulary words. Although almost all of the questions haveThe main themes are Human Health and Living Systems, and Energy and realated systems. 3 topics included are:

  • Physical Science & Chemistry, 40%: conservation, transformation, flow of energy, work, sound, light, heat, motion, forces, chemical properties and reactions in living systems. 
  • Life Science, 40%: human biology and health, animal and plant biology, ecosystems, organisms, molecular biology, DNA, and evolution. Examples: label the parts of a flower 🌺, interpret a graph about DNA mutation (for evolution indoctrination).
  • Earth and Space Science, 20%: basic eath and space science, astronomy, environmentalism (global warming and climate change science to indoctrination). Example: Answer questions about the affect of ants 🐜 on rainforests based on data presented.

Sources: “Cracking the G.E.D. Test 2017 Edition,” by the Princeton Review, 2017, “GED Test for Dummies, 4th Edition,” by Murray Shukyn with Jane Burstein, Learning Made Easy, 2017, My own knowledge of Agenda 21 and the like (see my blog posts on the topic),  and This Youtube video made by a girl who took the test and vlogged about it.

G.E.D. Test Guides for Homeschool moms to use in preparing their child-students for the GED test

G.E.D. Test Guides for Homeschool moms to use in preparing their child-students for the GED test

Related Posts:

Socialist Indoctrination in G.E.D. Test Prep Book by the Princeton Review

Get Up to 10 College Credits for Scoring High on the Post-2016 G.E.D. Test!


How at Weber State University, via CLEP and DSST tests, Homeschoolers Can Do the Equivalent of Early College/ Concurrent Enrollment


Agenda 21 and ICLEI: A Crash Course

Education 2030 Incheon Declaration

Dealing with Dyslexia in Homeschool Reading Instruction


The first thing I did a couple of years ago was take him in for an eye exam. He needed glasses for far-sightedness, which means things are blurry when up-close. This gave him trouble with worksheets and reading. When that was figured out, his reading improved a huge step, but something was still not right. 

Having a few other children whom I had taught or helped teach to read, I knew this was not the same. He was struggling with things my other children had not struggled with. Researching online, I came to an educated guess that he is dyslexic. I also came to the conclusion that dyslexia does not make it impossible to learn to read. It just makes its instruction take more time and patience. 

Today he read about 6 pages in “Frolic and Do-Funny” and all of the other books in the photo completely.  I have been having him read to me every day for about an hour. I stop when I can tell he is getting tired of it and worn out (which is easy to tell). I am happy that he is getting faster at reading, makes mistakes less often and recognizes more words. It has been hard work but it is becoming worth it now.

I love the joy on his face now as he can enjoy the stories more readily now because he is reading faster and more smoothly. I know we still have a long way to go to get him reading as well as his siblings, but that is okay. It is now becoming a more enjoyable journey. I love sitting with him and having him read to me!

I saw many strategies for dyslexic reading instruction online. I think the best method is simply love, patience and time. It is having the child read to you every day while you love your child. It is knowing that it is okay that your child has been told that word 300 times and still does not recognize it yet. It is telling your child what the word is in a calm voice yet again because you know that dyslexia is hard and you are okay with your child taking his or her time learning that word.

Our Daily History: The Teaching Company’s “The Great Courses”: World History (CLEP Western Civilizations Prep)

6:30 Early Morning Seminary

8:00 a.m. World History DVD Lectures by Linwood Thompson, The Great Courses, The Teaching Company

(We watch 2 lectures. The younger 3 do not watch, but the older 3 do. I breastfeed my toddler while watching.)